Sevnica (Lower Carniola) wax apple
Sevniška voščenka is a slovenian autochthonous (local) species of apple, which was quite widespread in the areas of Litija, Sevnica, Krško, Brežice and Novo mesto in the beginning of the 20th century. It is also known under the names dolenjska voščenka and dolenjka.
The species used to be valued and was not hard to sell even in good and fruit-rich years.
But in addition to its deliciousness and pleasant aroma, there are disadvantages. It is fertile very alternatively, the fruit is sensitive to bruising and thus has a low transport tolerance.
The fruit is stored in a cold and dark cellar, where they last until March. Habitat-wise it prefers appropriately moist soil and warm, leeward positions. The apple tree’s growth is very lush. In dry and sandy soils the fruits are small. Windward positions must be avoided, because the wind can shake the fruits off before they are ripe.
The fruit is a flat round shape and a green-yellow color when mature. Later it turns an intense yellow and becomes waxy, which provided the species’ name. The maturation period is around the 20th of September. The flesh is a sweet and sour pleasant taste and reminiscent of oranges.
Older Slovenian pomology literature indicates that the dolenjska voščenka is an unmatched species when it comes to flavor in Slovenia. An obvious sign of the species, besides the yellow color, short peduncle and a waxy coating, is the star shaped brown color within the seed vessel.
Dolenjska voščenka has an important role in the project Reviving Meadow Orchards in Slovenia, which allegedly helped this once widespread variety get its value.